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Proper cultivation and care of eggplants in the greenhouse

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Grow eggplant is not very easy, as evidenced by reviews of experienced and novice gardeners. After analyzing the problems that they had to face when growing vegetables in a greenhouse, one can avoid many cases and even boast a decent harvest, following the rules of care, watering and growing properly.

Is it possible to grow eggplants in the greenhouse

Growing eggplants in open ground or in a closed greenhouse becomes a real challenge for every gardener. Not everyone is able to pass it, especially when it comes to the cultivation of vegetables in the Urals or in Siberia.

The harsher the climate, the unprofitable agricultural technologyAfter all, culture develops well only under certain temperature conditions. Do without the heating system in the greenhouse will not work, which means that another item of expenditure falls on the gardener.

There is no need to worry about the possibility of cultivating the southern fruit in the conditions of the middle zone and Siberia. Thanks to the painstaking and long-term work of breeders, it was possible to develop varieties resistant to cold and diseases.

Among the popular hybrids: Matrosik, Robin Hood, Almaz, Albatross, etc.

Basic requirements for growing in a greenhouse from polycarbonate

Agrotechnics eggplant simple, but has some features.

The main secrets include:

  • correct selection of varieties (assortment for greenhouses has more than 20 varieties of vegetables, characterized by cold resistance);
  • greenhouse construction must have vents for an opportunity to change temperature condition and to carry out airing;
  • to maintain the temperature of the greenhouse is equipped heating system (for regions with a harsh climate);
  • light day for the plant should be within 12 hours, with a lack of lighting, it is recommended to install daytime lamps;
  • watering is carried out warm water (24 degrees), irrigation should start from the 5th day after planting, try not to spray the foliage;
  • the soil must be fertilized, the structure is loose;
  • at the flowering stage, removal of excess flowers is performed (rationing of the fruiting process);
  • As the culture develops, systematically introduce nutritional supplements.
At the flowering stage it is necessary to remove unnecessary flowers.

Novice gardeners are encouraged to master the aubergine agrotechnics precisely in greenhouse conditions, where plants are protected from winds, scorching sunlight and other weather vagaries.

How to choose a greenhouse for planting outside the open ground

The best option is considered a greenhouse or greenhouse from polycarbonate, it is able to protect eggplants from freezing and provide enough light and is easy to make with your own hands. On sunny days, the material warms up well, which reduces heating costs.

As an additional insulating layer is used anti-condensate inner lining.

Eggplants are not distinguished by high growth of bushes, so there is no need for a large design, it is enough to choose a convenient option for serving with indicators from 1.8 to 2.5 m.

For growing eggplant suitable greenhouse height 1.8-2.5 m

In regions with a harsh climate, a greenhouse is better. set on a foundation, rather lightweight construction with a depth of 20 cm below the ground level. The frame can be made of wood or metal profile. The presence of vents for temperature control and ventilation is considered mandatory.

When calculating the profitability of the greenhouse, you need to consider that there are 3-4 plants per 1 m2.

The yield indicated on the label of the seeds is lower in reality, therefore the indicator is reduced by 20-30%. The number of planted bushes depends on the area of ​​the greenhouse where they will grow. If it is constructed specifically to plant vegetables, then it is taken into account both the parameters of the covering material and the possibility to create the optimum temperature (heating).

In the greenhouse 2x3m can be planted 18-24 saplings eggplant.

The correct time to disembark

Eggplant seedlings are planted in open ground only if when the danger of night frost has passed. This period in the middle lane has on the second half of May - the beginning of June.

In the greenhouse, work begins earlier, since the presence of a shelter excludes freezing of young shoots at sub-zero temperatures, and the day sun will warm the walls of the structure and create the necessary conditions for the development of culture. When planning the landing dates, the features of the greenhouse and the climate of the region are taken into account.

Until the transfer of seedlings to the garden takes at least 65 days

If the seedlings are grown on an industrial scale, the seeding is done from mid-February to the first decade of March. Until the transfer of seedlings to the garden takes at least 65 days, it means that in early May, you can plan a transplant. You can shift the time of sowing and transplantation for 7-10 days, if there are certain conditions.

In heated greenhouses you can plant eggplant in the second half of January. The dates of transplantation with such a schedule are shifted to the beginning of April. This technology is not cheap, so first you need to calculate the profitability.

In the suburbs, blue seedlings are transported to greenhouses until May 10-15. In the Krasnodar Territory and Siberia, these events are planned for the second half of May, and sometimes the beginning of June.

What scheme to plant seedlings

When planting seedlings important prevent thick bedsThis leads to lower yields and an increased risk of fungal infection.

Per 1 m2 is located about five plants in heated greenhouses, no more than three - in unheated structures. When forming beds, rows adhere to the following intervals:

  • row spacing - 60-65 cm;
  • the distance between the holes in the row is 30-35 cm.

Depth of planting seedlings - 15-18 cm. Favorable temperature conditions for adaptation of young shoots correspond to 18-20 degrees (on the ground at least 15 degrees).

For varieties with spreading bushes more suitable scheme with a chess hole arrangement (interval of 60 cm). Low-growing plants are planted in 2 rows with a row spacing of 65 cm, the distance between the bushes in a row is 40-45 cm.

Care of the first shoots

After germination, seedlings need special conditions and temperature conditions. 18-20 degrees.

Lighting

For the normal development of young shoots required light day at least 12 hours.

To ensure this condition will need to install in the room fluorescent lamps. Additional illumination should be evenly distributed across all containers with seedlings.

Watering

Excess moisture can lead to the death of the plant, so the seedlings are watered moderately. Regularity of procedures - 1 time in 3-5 days. The water is introduced in small portions into the soil, and not on the shoots.

Watering eggplant in the greenhouse is carried out 1 every 3-5 days

Top dressing and fertilizers

The first feeding make after the first shoots. To the choice of fertilizer are carefully, because of its properties depends on the development of culture.

Some gardeners prefer liquid solutions, such as potassium nitrate (3 g. Funds per 1 liter of water). With the introduction of fluid try not to fall on the greens, so as not to burn it. The ash solution is considered to be no less useful (a glass of ash per 7 liters of water). Not bad proved the fertilizer Kemira Lux (2g. 1 liter of water).

The second feed is made 3-4 weeks later. Such means as Biohumus, Healthy Garden, Bioton have not lost their relevance. They are absolutely safe for culture, but they do a good job.

If the shoots slowed growth, it is recommended to use the tools: Agricola Forte, Signore, Ideal.

Ideal as an eggplant growth regulator

Care for grown eggplants

Pollination

The culture of flowers bisexual, pollination process occurs spontaneously. To enhance the effect in the morning you can walk through the rows and shake each bush lightly. More drastic measures of pollination are not provided.

Features of the formation of bushes

To increase the fruiting eggplant bushes must be pasynkovat.

You can create in three ways: in one, two and three stalks. The option of forming the plant is chosen exclusively taking into account the characteristics of the variety. Unnecessary ovaries pull on themselves, not allowing the rest of the fruit to develop, so it is considered necessary to remove them.

When cultivating a vegetable in a greenhouse pruning done 2 weeks after disembarkation seedlings. To do this, remove all the processes that are located below the first branch. After the formation of 4-5 shoots pinch the top.

To navigate during this procedure, and the height of the bush, it should be in the range of 25-30 cm. For high varieties, you may need to tie up the bushes.

Watering and necessary dressing

After 5 days after planting seedlings on greenhouse beds need to moisten the plants warm water. Further procedures to carry out at least 1 time per weekbetter in the morning. Water is brought under the root of the plant so that the foliage remains dry.

It is recommended to maintain soil moisture. mulch beds This process replaces loosening, in which the likelihood of root damage is high.

To prevent the development of fungal diseases you need to regularly to air the greenhouse.

During the growing season, eggplants are fed 3-5 times. When cultivating a vegetable in a greenhouse, it is preferable to use complex fertilizers: Mortar, Kemira wagon (1.5 tbsp of funds for a water bucket). After the formation of the ovaries, nitrogen-phosphate fertilizers are used (for a bucket of water, 1 tsp. Ammonium nitrate, 1 tbsp. Superphosphate).

Organic products are also used for fertilizing, but they should not be abused so as not to provoke an intensive build-up of greenery. For eggplant ideal tool Bioud (dissolved in water in proportions of 1:20).

Bioud is ideal for feeding.

Possible difficulties in growing eggplant

When cultivating eggplant in a greenhouse, the following problems may occur:

  • yellowing of the foliage (the reason often lies in the violation of the mode of irrigation or the introduction of fertilizer, the disease is also not excluded);
  • the fall of the ovaries (occurs as a result of a lack or excess of moisture);
  • the bush develops well, and the ovaries are formed poorly (the reason lies in excessive sub-feed with nitrogen fertilizers or the lack of pruning);
  • the plant blooms, but does not bear fruit (better pollinating is required);
  • leaves curl (possible causes: pests, excess moisture, lack of light);
  • spots on the leaves (often caused by direct sunlight);
  • poor growth of shoots after transplantation (slowing down of development is more likely due to the root system, you need to feed "Kornyovin").

Harvesting and storage

Harvesting is planned for the period of ripening varieties. Technical ripeness occurs in 25-40 days after flowering seedlings.

You should not be guided by the color, even long before the ripening the skin of the fruit takes on a characteristic varietal color. The first clue will be the degree of elasticity of the pulp. When you click on the eggplant will remain a small dent, which is very quickly restored.

The degree of maturity of the crop is determined by clicking on the fruit.

Ripe fruits are cut with shears, leaving a tail of 3-5 cm. For storage, choose a cool dark place (often basement). Vegetables can be put in boxes in 2 layers. To keep the harvest longer, vegetables are laid with straw or parchment paper. It is recommended to do a revision every 2 weeks in order to remove perishable items from the box.

Reviews gardeners about growing vegetables in greenhouses

Vladimir Ivanovich, 62 years

Our climate in the Urals is not suitable for all vegetables, but especially for eggplants. Which only varieties have not tried. My efforts were finally crowned with success. Mongolian dwarf manifested itself in unexpected ways. From a bush shot 7-9 fruits. I continue to experiment, but I will plant this variety, being confident in the harvest.

Taisia, 47 years old

Not yet picked up a suitable variety for greenhouse cultivation, wrote off unsuccessful attempts at eggplant cultivation solely on their care errors. After removing the sample from Black prince and marywho generously ugly, I realized that the selection of seeds plays almost the main role.

Andrei, 30 years old

A small greenhouse complex is a source of my income, so I try to learn from the experience of other farmers to reduce risks.

Eggplant is quite a capricious plant, but subject to the temperature conditions and the schedule of dressings, it generously gives fruits. Agrotechnics does not include picking up seedlings, and loosening is replaced by mulching beds. In recent years, varieties have pleasantly surprised: Carlson, Marzipan, Northern King, Lolita.

Growing eggplant on an industrial scale can be a source of income

Valentina Kuzminichna, 59 years old

Seeds are planted 75 days before transplanting the flower bed. To do this, I use small transparent plastic cups, filling them with substrate for 2/3. I carry it to the bed directly from the soil, so as not to damage the roots. I feed the plants every 10-12 days (humate "Fertility", phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, wood ash).

Daria, 40 years old

Those who first decided to grow eggplants in their greenhouse, I advise pay attention to the preparation of the soil and compliance with temperature. The appearance of yellowness on the leaves of the seedlings signals the problem and most often it is worth looking for in the watering. The lack of water is also dangerous, as well as its excess, and to create an optimal regime in greenhouse conditions is not easy.

Following the accurate rules of gardening, planting seedlings and produce a good harvest of eggplant will turn out even in regions with a harsh climate. The greenhouse design is able to provide the proper conditions if the surfaces and the soil are disinfected in a timely manner, tied up, fertilized and maintained properly.

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