Any self-respecting gardener eventually comes to the decision to grow tomatoes on the site. Vegetables are considered healthy and very tasty, they are consumed fresh or added to various dishes. Among the early varieties, the plant known as “Summer Resident” is very popular, then we will look at its characteristics and description.
Description and characteristic of tomato Summer resident
Vegetable is considered a hybrid, created by an artificial method. First brought him to the Urals. Tomatoes are equally grown in greenhouse conditions and on unprotected soilcan be cultivated even at home. He feels great in any area of Russia.
Shrubs are not very high, about 60 centimeters, you should not stepchild and tie them up. Regardless of climatic conditions, the plant is capable of producing stable yields.
For fruit ripening is necessary just over three months, the average weight of tomatoes is 150 grams.The weight of the fruit gardeners about 150 grams
The branchiness of the tomato is average, for better results, the bushes must be grown three - four stalks. The number of leaves is average, the shape is normal, the shade is green. Shrubs can not stepchain, but in tying plants need.
Gardeners have been cases when the weight of the fruit plants fell on the beds. The ability to form the ovary is excellent, even if the weather conditions are not very favorable. On one hand can be up to a dozen fruits.
Tomatoes are distinguished by a bright red tint, flat-round forms with barely perceptible ribbing at the very stem, universality of purpose, as they contain a high level of dry matter. Skin thinish, but very durable.
The meaty pulp carries a lot of juice. Vegetables are most often consumed fresh, used to make tomato juice and canned foods.
Fruits contain a huge amount of nutrients and vitaminswhich are important for the human body. Tomatoes carry magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, phosphorus and calcium. These minerals can reduce the risk of diseases of the cardiovascular system.
The plant is of the greatest interest among gardeners in the Central Belt, Siberia, and the Urals. Well say about Summer Residents gardeners of the Moscow region, Belarusians and Ukrainians. In short, the cultivation region for this variety of particular importance can be anything.Growing a variety is possible in any region of Russia
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Among the main positive qualities are the following signs:
- early ripening;
- sustainable yields, which are not affected by weather conditions;
- relatively easy requirements for agrotechnology;
- excellent taste;
- disease resistance;
- long period of fruiting;
- Fruits are distinguished by a good presentation, perfectly preserved during long shipments.
Requirements for soil for planting
Summer Man likes moderately heavy fertile soil. For the cultivation of seedlings, soil can be purchased at a specialty store or you can compose it yourself, by mixing the required amount of manure to a simple ground.
When transplanting seedlings on the ground, the ground should be dug up, adding organic fertilizer to it. The predecessors of tomatoes in the selected beds should be cucumbers, legumes, carrots or onions.
Sow culture should in the second half of March. Seedlings recommended to grow in small plastic or peat cups.Variety Tomato Seeds
Seed material is pre-prepared. It should be processed weak manganese solution, soak for a couple of hours in the growth-promoting composition. Planting depth should not exceed two centimeters, otherwise the seeds will germinate for a long time.
Seedlings are grown for about fifty days. Every three weeks, seedlings should be maintained mineral components, which contain a lot of nitrogen.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open ground
About ten days before the transfer of seedlings to the beds it should start temper. To do this, containers with seedlings are carried out daily to fresh air and kept there for five to six hours.
Up to six bushes are allowed to plant on each square meter of land. At the end of the planting beds are not shed very cold water.
Grade care after transplanting
Bushes are recommended to water more than twice a month, feed up to three times during the whole growing season, promptly remove weeds, treat with fungicides and insecticides.
When watering is used warm water. It is also necessary to ensure that the beds are not too flooded - the plant does not like overwetting and may even die.
To the air between the bushes circulate better, it is necessary to cut off the branches located on the bottom of the stem.
During weeding, the soil is loosened.
Diseases and their prevention
Resistance to other diseases is on the Middle level. But still experienced gardeners recommend as a preventive measure to treat the planting of the tomato chemical compounds.
It has been repeatedly proved by practice that the characteristics of tomato Dachnik fully correspond to reality. Good crops of this vegetable can be obtained even with minimal care for the plants.
The variety is able to interest not only professional specialists, but also novice gardeners. It is really unpretentious, the collected fruits have a long shelf life.